Five Stages Of Kidney Disease
Increased risk of Chronic Kidney Disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of kidney disease. The risk increases with age: People over 65 are more than twice as likely to develop
Chronic Kidney Disease as people between the ages of 45 and 65. African Americans also have a higher risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease.
Stage 1: Kidney damage may be detected before your blood levels start to decline. In this first stage of kidney disease, the goals of treatment are to slow the progression of Chronic Kidney Disease and reduce the risk of other health problems.
Stage 2: Kidney damage with mild decrease in Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) of (60 to 89). When kidney function starts to decline, your health care provider will estimate the progression of your Chronic Kidney Disease and continue treatment to reduce the risk of other health problems.
Stage 3: Moderate decrease in Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) of (30 to 59). When Chronic Kidney Disease has advanced to this stage, anemia and bone problems become more common. Work with your health care provider to prevent or threat these complications.
Stage 4: Severe reduction in Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) of (15 to 29). Continue following the treatment for complications of Chronic Kidney Disease and learn as much as you can about the treatments for kidney failure. Each treatment requires preparation. If you choose Hemodialysis, you will need to have a procedure to make a vein in your arm larger and stronger for repeated needle insertions. For peritoneal dialysis, you will need to have a catheter placed in your abdomen. Or you may want to ask family or friends to consider donating a kidney for transplantation.
Stage 5: Kidney failure Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is less than 15. When the kidneys do not work well enough to maintain life, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Detecting Kidney Disease
What Medical Testing Can Detect Kidney Disease?
Not every patient will require all testing. Your doctor can discuss these tests in more depth at your consultation with the Nephrologist, after you are referred by your primary care physician.
Warning Signs of Kidney Disease
If any of these symptoms occur singly or in combination, consult your primary care physician immediately.
Points To Remember
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